Prepared by Brent Bean, Extension Agronomist and Mark Lazar, Wheat Breeder
(additions by Calvin Trostle, A&MBLubbock, 806.746.6101, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Released in 1996. Has been a consistent yield performer since its release. Yielded well under a variety of conditions the last four years. Some tolerance to barley yellow dwarf and wheat streak mosaic. Tolerant to soil-borne mosaic. Very susceptible to scab — do not plant behind corn. Okay in our forage trials in the spring but slow in the fall. Does have the potential to shatter.
Released in 1997 from Oklahoma. Excellent grazing potential. Average yield in 1999 and 2000. Only limited tests have been done in the Panhandle. Medium-long coleoptile. Moderate tolerance to wheat streak mosaic. Resistant to soil-borne mosaic.
Maturity: Medium, daylength sensitive
Released in 1994 in Colorado. Good reputation under dryland. Better quality than TAM 107. Has TAM 107 in background.
Height: Med – tall.
Maturity: Med late.
New release in 1996 from AgriPro. Moderately resistant to wheat streak mosaic and leaf rust. Yield potential is still questionable in the Texas Panhandle. Best adapted for central Kansas.
Maturity: Medium early
Oklahoma release. Similar pedigree to Tonkowa. Moderately resistant to leaf rust. Susceptible to wheat streak. Intermediate tolerance to barley yellow dwarf. Has been a consistently high yielding wheat in the Panhandle under irrigation. Pedigree: Tam 105 and Chisholm.
2001 AgriPro release. One parent is Jagger. Should be a good performer under dryland. Good height. Yielded well at Bushland in irrigated and dryland tests in 2000.
2001 AgriPro release. Only limited data available in the Panhandle. Yielded well in dryland and irrigated tests at Bushland in 2000.
Tam 200 in its pedigree. Excellent test weight. Consistent yielder under both dryland and irrigation. Good wheat streak mosaic tolerance.
Maturity: Medium early
Kansas release. Excellent yield potential under irrigation but has not performed as well in Texas as in Kansas. Good milling and baking qualities. Can be planted deep. Earliness can be a problem with late freezes. Has some tolerance to barley yellow dwarf, wheat streak mosaic. Soil-borne mosaic resistant. Susceptible to leaf rust but very good tolerance to stripe rust. Some growers have observed shattering.
Beardless wheat released from Vernon in1998 as a grazing wheat (may develop short awns of ~3/8″ late in growth). Very broad leaf. Medium-late maturity, a plus for grazeout, is similar to Longhorn. Surprisingly good grain yield in 1999 and 2000. Will lodge. Low post harvest dormancy means Locket can be planted earlier than Longhorn. Average grain production yield drag compared to average of TAMs 105, 110, 200, 202, Jagger, and Ogallala is 10-12% for both irrigated and dryland.
Maturity: Medium-late to late
Beardless wheat primarily adapted for dryland production or grazing. Can be planted deep. Good dual purpose wheat for dryland or limited irrigation. Some tolerance to wheat streak mosaic and leaf rust. This variety may be preferable to Lockett if you might go to grain. Oklahoma State Univ. data suggest this variety has high (poor) post harvest dormancy which means the variety should not be planted early in the fall when temperatures are still warm. Average grain production yield drag compared to average of TAMs 105, 110, 200, 202, Jagger, and Ogallala 10-12% irrigated and ~15% for dryland.
Pedigree: TAM 200 and Abilene. Excellent yield potential. Good straw strength. Better grain quality than TAM 107. Intermediate tolerance to wheat streak and leaf rust. Prone to shattering. Use for irrigated or dryland. Consistent performer.
Height: Short (rated medium in San Angelo area)
Colorado release. A Tam 107 Russian wheat aphid resistant variety. Only limited tested in the Panhandle.
Released in 1996. Excellent grazing potential. Some tolerance to wheat streak mosaic. Good straw strength. Best grown under irrigation.
Maturity: Medium early
Old variety that still does reasonably well under dryland conditions, particularly on poor soil. Susceptible to most diseases. Tall variety. Late maturity. Okay graze out wheat for dryland. Most varieties will out yield Scout 66.
Historically good dryland and irrigated wheat variety for the Texas Panhandle. Prostrate growth habit. In University trials it has consistently performed well in dryland trials over the years. Susceptible to most diseases.
Year in year out this is a good variety for both dryland and limited irrigated conditions. Good tolerance to wheat curl mite which transmits wheat streak mosaic. Long coleoptile allows it to be planted deep. Responds to high planting rate.
Maturity: Under the right conditions can be very early (planted early and warm winter)
Grazing potential: Average
Leaf rust: Very susceptible
Beardless variety similar in characteristics to TAM 101. Very short under dryland conditions.
Used primarily for graze-out wheat. Late, hard red winter wheat with poor resistance to powdery mildew and leaf rust. If crop does go to grain harvest does have better grain quality than Longhorn or Lockett. More susceptible to stripe rust than Lockett or Longhorn. Average grain production yield drag compared to average of TAMs 105, 110, 200, 202, Jagger, and Ogallala 10-12% irrigated and 0-5% for dryland.
Released for Texas A&M in 1996. Essentially a greenbug E tolerant Tam 107.
When the variety does not get injured from early freeze damage due to breaking dormancy early it is very hard to beat. Excellent dryland and irrigated yield potential. Susceptible to leaf rust and wheat streak mosaic. Very good test weight.
Seed size: Small
Harvest: Reputation as being hard to thresh
Has not performed as well in the Texas Panhandle as other TAM lines, but may be suitable for the South Plains.
Excellent yield potential but not as forgiving as some other varieties. Works best under high inputs. Threshes easily. Shattering can be a potential problem. Will break dormancy early under warm temperatures.
Straw strength: Better than Tam 200.
Leaf Rust: Medium tolerance
Dallas released wheat in 1998. Good leaf rust tolerance. Yielded well in1998, 1999 and 2000 tests. Tends to have low test weight. Has shown tolerance to wheat streak mosaic and barley yellow dwarf. Mod. Resistant to soil-borne mosaic. Poor forage potential.
Maturity: Med – Late
Released in 2001. Developed as a south Texas wheat. One of the top yielding irrigated wheats in 2000.
AgriPro Release in 1998. Pedigree: Abilene and TAM 107. Yielded well in 2000 tests. Probably best suited for dryland or limited irrigation. Some tolerance to wheat streak mosaic. Excellent straw strength. Leaf rust resistance is good.
Good yield potential when dry weather occurs in spring. Excellent leaf rust resistance. Good grazing potential. Can shatter. Best adapted to eastern Panhandle.
Oklahoma release. Has Tam 105 and Chisholm in its pedigree. Good leaf rust resistance. Straw strength is excellent.
Hard white winter wheat. Excellent yield in 2000 Panhandle variety trials. Has wheat streak mosaic resistance.
Similar yield potential as Scout but slightly earlier. Good winter hardiness. Will not break dormancy early. Use on dryland. Good on high pH soil.